Role of Olive leaves Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Alleviating The Molecular and Histological Changes of Kidney in Female Goats-Induced by Gentamicin (Part III)

  • Aamir M. Al-ghareebaw College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq,
  • Baraa N. Al-Okaily College of Veterinary Medicine, Baghdad University
  • Orooba M. S. Ibrahim College of Veterinary Medicine, Baghdad University
  • Ahmed D. Mohammed Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, USA
Keywords: olive leaves extract, OLEZnONPs, goats, kidney functions

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the protective influence of olive leave extract zinc oxide
nanoparticles (OLEZnONPs) complex against gentamicin–induced kidney dysfunctions in
goats. Twenty five adult female goats were randomly divided into five equal groups and
treated as follows: control group (C) administered sterile distilled water (IM) for 10 days,
group G administered 25 mg/kg BW gentamicin (IM) for 7 days, group Z administered 10
μg/kg BW of OLEZnONPs (IP) for 3 days, group GTZ administered 25 mg/kg BW gentamicin
(IM) for 7 days and then 10 μg/kg BW of OLEZnONPs (IP) for 3 days, group GWZ
administered 25 mg/kg BW gentamicin (IM) and 10 μg/kg BW of OLEZnONPs (IP) together
for first 3 days and then followed by gentamicin only for 4 days. After seven days of the
experiment, the gene expression of kidney injury molcule-1(KIM-1) and neutrophil
gelatinase-association lipocalin (NGAL) gene expression of kidney tissue were measured. In
addition, samples of kidney were obtained for histopathological examination. Gentamicin
medication induced a marked elevation in kidney tissue KIM-1 and NGAL gene expression
in G and GTZ groups compared to control and other groups. Intraperitoneal treatment of
goats with OLEZnONPs did not significantly affect NGAL and KIM-1 gene expression in Z,
GWZ, and control groups. Histologically, in contrast to control, gentamicin induced more
extensive kidney damages such as necrotized glomeruli, atrophic glomeruli, and renal
tubular epithelial necrosis, while it was found that these alterations in kidney tissues were
improved in goats given OLEZnONPs with gentamicin compared to group G. In conclusion,
our results demonstrate that OLEZnONPs reduce the deleterious effects of gentamicin with
significantly decreasing of KIM-1 and NGAL gene expression and remodeling the histological
changes of kidney in goats

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Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Al-ghareebaw, A., Al-Okaily, B., Ibrahim, O., & Mohammed, A. (2020). Role of Olive leaves Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Alleviating The Molecular and Histological Changes of Kidney in Female Goats-Induced by Gentamicin (Part III). The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 44((E0), 14-20. https://doi.org/10.30539/ijvm.v44i(E0).1014