Study on the pathology and parasitic affection of liver in sheep and cattle at Mosul area

Main Article Content

I. I. Al-Sultan
Youkhana, S. O.
Mahran, O. M.


A sample of (700) seven hundred out of (3000) three thousand randomly collected livers of sheep and cattle from Mosul abattoir during a biweekly visits of six months period , has been subjected to both grads and histopathological examinations. 

Results indicated that parasites induced the highest percen tages of tissue changes in the livers of cattle and sheep, the parasites responsible were Hydatid Cysts and Fasciola gigantica which indicated that Mosul and surrounding areas were endemic with these parasites. Typical cases of liver cirrhosis were recognized in cattle and less in sheep. Mixed infection of mentioned parasites with liver abcesses and hepatic necrosis were diagnosed more frequ ently in sheep than in cattle, a diffuse form of lesbons was round in cattle while the focal from was encountered in sheep. 

Congestion and degenerative changes like fatty livers were not seen in cattle but formed a respective percentage (1%) and (1.1%) in sheep. Other conditions were identified like icteric livers , than percentages were and low closely relatd in both species of animals.



Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Al-Sultan, I. I., O., Y. S., & M., M. O. (1999). Study on the pathology and parasitic affection of liver in sheep and cattle at Mosul area. The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 23(1), 50–58.


Declarke, V.C.J. , Shiff, B.D., & Balair , D.M. ,(1961). The control of snail hosts of bilhariziasis and fascioliasis in southern Rodesia . Bull. Wld. Hlth, Org. 25,549 –558.

Ershov, V.S. (1962). Cited by Al-Mashhadani , H.M., (1970). Morphology and Ecology of lymnoid snails of Iraq with special referenc to Fascioliasis , M.Sc. Thesis, University of Baghdad.

Sinclair , K.B. (1969) .Some aspects of pathogenesis and treatment of fascioliasis . Vet. Rec. 84, 544-547. DOI:

Sodik , M.F. ; Rousqdy, S. ; Zidan, M. and Abdel - Salam , M. (1978) Incidence of Echinococosis among slaughtered animals of Cairo abattoir . Assiut. Vet. Med. J. 4, 171-178. DOI:

Al-Badawi , E.S. ; Esia", A.M. ; Slepeney, N.K. , and Soad, M.B.A. (1979). Hydatosis of animals in central region of the Sudan . Bull . Actual Hlth. Prod. Ani. 27, 249-251.

Babero, B.B. , and Al - Dabagh , (1963). The zoonosis of animal parasite in Iraq.Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 57, 499- 510. DOI:

Altaif, K.I. (1970) observations on the incidence and seasonal variations of some helminth eggs and larvae in sheep in Iraq Bull. Of End. Dis . , 13. 99-104.

Najie, K. , Fakhri , 0., and Mousawi , K.M. , (1973) protective immunity to hydatid disease. Lancet , 30: 1518. DOI:

Mbarak , S.K. (1978) Epidemilogical study of hydatid cyst. (Echinococcus granulosus) in sheep , cattle and camel . M.Sc. Thesis University of Baghdad , College of Vet. Med.

Al -Nammy , R.A.S. (1978) .Studies in some aspects of ovine fascioliasis in Iraq . M.Sc.Thesis University of Baghdad college of Vet. Med.

Al- Abassy , S.N., Altaif ; K. I. ; Jawad , A.K:; and Al Saqur (1980) . The prevalence of hydatid cyst in slaughter animals in Iraq Annals of Tropical Med. And parasitology, 74 (2); 185 – 187. DOI:

Youkana , S.A. (1981). Pathological study of local cattle naturally infected with Fasciola gigantica . M. Sc. Thesis, University of Baghdad, college of Vet. Med."

Darkhan , J.I. (1984) . Studies of some pathological aspects (bacterial & parasitic ) of the liver diseases in cattle .M.Sc. Thesis, University of Baghdad college of Vet. Med. ..

Al- Bayati M. M. (1986) .Astudy in the epidemiology and histopathology of Fasccilasis in sheep in Mosul district. M. Sc. Thesis University of Baghdad, college of Vet. Med.

Luna , L.G. (1960). Manual of histological staining methods of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Third edition McGraw-Hill Book Company New York.

Al- Barwari, S.R. (1978) . A survey on liver infection with Fasciola gigantica among slaughtered animals in Iraq. Bull. End Dis. 18, 75 -92.