A Comparative Study of Cattle and Sheep Amoebiasis in Selected Regions of Baghdad City

Main Article Content

Lina A Jebur
Athmar K Abbas


This study was performed to microscopically detect the prevalence of amoebiasis in cattle and sheep fecal samples. One hundred fecal samples were collected from cattle and sheep from 3 completely different area in Baghdad city (Al-Tarmiyah, Al-Fudhaliyah, AbuGhraib). Our data recorded a total amoebiasis infection rate of 54% in cattle and 50% in sheep, without any significant differences between them. Males showed higher infection rates than females in cattle and sheep (62.5%) and (57.14) respectively. The difference between age groups with significant difference (P<0.01) were obtained in ages <1 year (72.7%) and (68.75%) in cattle and sheep respectively. This study has demonstrated the widespread of Entamoeba parasite in cattle and sheep in Baghdad city.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jebur, L. A., & Abbas, A. K. (2021). A Comparative Study of Cattle and Sheep Amoebiasis in Selected Regions of Baghdad City. The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 45(1), 37–40. https://doi.org/10.30539/ijvm.v45i1.1038 (Original work published June 27, 2021)


Matsubayashi M, Murakoshi N, Komatsu T, Tokoro M, Haritani M, Shibahara T. Genetic identification of Entamoeba polecki subtype 3 from pigs in Japan and characterization of its pathogenic role in ulcerative colitis. Infect. Genet. Evol.2015; 36, 814.

Kawano T, Imada M, Chamavit P, Kobayashi S, Hashimoto T, Nozaki T. Genetic diversity of Entamoeba: Novel ribosomal lineages from cockroaches. PLoS One.2017; 12, e0185233.

Matsubayashi M, Matsuura Y, Nukata S, Daizi Y, Shibahara T, Teramoto I,et al . First detection and molecular identification of

Entamoeba bovis from Japanese cattle. Parasitol. Res. 2018;117, 339-342.

DiMiceli L. Distinguishing between pathogenic and nonpathogenic species of Entamoeba. Lab Med. 2004;35(10):613–615.

Ali K, Britten D, Wilson S, Mcnerney R, Moody A, Chiodini P,et al . An improved colorimetric PCR-based method for detection and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in feces. J Clin Microbiol. 1997; 35:1108–1111

Voigt U, Strobel J. Yag. Laser capsulotomy in multifocal intraocular lenses. Ophthalmologe.1999; 96: 578-582.

Pestehchian N, Nazary M, Haghighi A, Salehi M. Yosefi H. Frequency of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar prevalence among patients with gastrointestinal complaints in Chelgerd city, southwest of Iran. JRMS.2011; 16: 1436-1440.

Al-Areeqi A, Sady H, Al-Mekhlafi M. First molecular epidemiology of Entamoeba histolytica, E. dispar and E. moshkovskii infections in Yemen different species-specific associated risk factors. Trop. Med. Int. Health.2017; 22, 493-504.

Terraube J. "Coping with fast climate change in northern ecosystems: mechanisms underlying the population-level response of a specialist avian predator." Ecography. 2015; 38.7: 690-699.

Beaver P, Jung R, Cupp EW. Amoebae inhabiting the alimentary canal: Clinical Parasitology. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 9th Edition. 1984. 104-108 p.

Petri A, Jackson F, Gathiram V, Kress K, Saffer D, Snodgrass L, et al. Pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of Entamoeba histolytica can be differentiated by monoclonal antibodies to the galactose specific adherence lectin. Infect Immun.1990; 58: 1802-1806.

Fotedar R. Entamoeba moshkovskii infections in Sydney, Australia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis.2008; 27: 133–137.

Ahmed B, Hamed S, Sheirf Z. Epidemiological studies on some zoonotic enteric protozoa in different areas of Nile Delta. JASMR.2010;5(2): 199-207.

Al-Shammary AHA. Run-off patterns of vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE clones) in cows’ raw milk and imported milk powders at Baghdad markets. Iraqi. J. Vet. Med. 2019; 43(2): 61-66.

Caccio S, Thompson R, McLauchlin J, Smith H. Unravelling Cryptosporidium and Giardia epidemiology. Trends Parasitol. 2005; 21: 430-437.

Haque R, Christopher D, Huston, Eric H, William AP. Amebiasis. Med. J. 2003; 348: 1565 –1573.

Bahrami F, Haghighi A, Zamini G, Khademerfan M. Differential detection of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii in faecal samples using nested multiplex PCR in west of Iran. Epidemiol Infect. 2019;147: e96.

Ridely JW. Parasitology for medical and clinical laboratory professionals. USA: Delmar, Cengage Learning. 2012. 465 p.

Cary N. Statistical Analysis System, User's Guide. Statistical. Version 9. SAS. Inst. Inc. USA, 2012.

Jasim GA, Alardi MH. Molecular study to detection and genotyping of Entamoeba spp. In cattle &sheep. IJAR . 2015;3(12): 257-264.

Naguib D, El-Gohary AH, Mohamed AA, Al-Araby MA. Study on role of cattle in transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum and Entamoeba species to man with special reference to its molecular characterization. 8th Int. Sci. Conf. Mansoura, Egypt. 2014: 297-314.

Makawi ZA, Al-Zubaidi MTS. Parasitic contamination of drinking water and its prevalence among handlers and sheep. Iraq J. Vet. Med. 2017; 41(2):7-14.

Rasha MA. Zoonotic studies on some enteric protozoa [Dissertation]. Zagazig, Egypt: Faculty of Vet. Medicine, Zagazig University; 2012.

Bhat SA, Rahman MU, Qadir S, Allaie IM, Khan HM, Husain I, et al. Prevalence of gastro-intestinal parasitic infections in sheep of Kashmir valley of India. J. Vet. World. 2012; 5(11): 667-671.

Minnat TR. Detection of gastrointestinal parasite infection of sheep and goats in Diyala province Iraq. AL-Qadisiyah J. Vet. Med. Sci. 2014; 13(2): 118-123.