Effect of screw - worm fly, Chrysomya bezziana larvae in cattle and treatment

Main Article Content

Salameh Sh. Barhoom
F. Sh. Kadhim

Abstract

Field study on the effect of screw - worm fiy Chrysomya bezziana_larvae in 216 cattle and efficacy of different drugs used for the treatment was conducted. The clinical findings were : anoraxia , irritation, congestion of penis , lameness, decrease of milk production and lose of body weight. The distribution of myiasis on various body parts observed was: 111 (51.4%); perineal area , 24 (11%), head, 7(3.4%), udder , 6(2.8%), nave!, 1(0.4%), testes , 4(1.89), tail, 3(1.4%), legs and 60 (28.2%) penis The activity of diazinone, coumaphos , cypermethlin and vermectin by administration the drug subcutaneously at a dose rate 0.2 mg/kg body weight against naturally infesting wounds with screw - Worm fly larvae in cattle have been tested. The results showed emerges of the larvae outside the infested wound after treatment with cypermethlin and diazinone while coumaphos kill the larvae . Ivermectin kill the larvae after 24 hours. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barhoom, S. S., & Kadhim, F. S. (1999). Effect of screw - worm fly, Chrysomya bezziana larvae in cattle and treatment. The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 23(1), 134–143. https://doi.org/10.30539/ijvm.v23i1.1200
Section
Articles

References

1- Geering, W.A. and Forman ; A.J. (1987). Animal Health in Australia. Volume 9. Exotic Disease. Australian Government publishing Service , Canbberra.
Pp. 191-194.
2- Kloft, W.J. ; Noll, G.L. ; Kloft, F.S. (1981). Cited by Spradbery. J.P.Khanfa K. , Harpham, D. . Myiasis in the
sultanate of Oman. Vet. Rec. 1992: 131: (4): 76-77.
3- Barhoom, S.Sh.Khalaf , A.M. and Kadhim, F.Sh. (1998). Aetiology and clinical findings of cutaneous myiasis in domestic animals in Iraq.
Iragi Journal of Vet. Science, 11:31 - 34.
4- Spradbery : J.P., Tozer, R.S. and Pound , A.A. (1991). The efficacy of insecticides against the screw – worm fly Chrysomya bezziara ·
Aust. Vet. J.68:338 - 342. ..
5- Zumpt, F. (1965). Myiasis in Man and animals in the Old World Butterworths, London: pp. 99.
6- Radostitis, O.M. Blood D.C. and Gay. C.F. (1994) Veterinary Medicine .8th. ed. Bailliere Tindali,
London, pp. 1284 - 1287.
7- Humphrey : J.D., Spradbery, J.P. and Tozer, R.S. (1980). Chrysomya bezziana pathology of Old World. screw – worm fly infestation in cattle . Exp.
Parasitology. 49:381 - 97.
8- Spradbery, J.P. (1980). The Old World screw -
worm fly , chrysomya bezziana , cited by spardberg, J.P. and Vanniasingham ,J.A. Incidence of the screw – worm fly , Chrysomya bezziana, at the zoo Negara, Malaysia ,
Malivet, J. 7; 28 32.
9. Stoddard, H. and peck , E. F. (1962). Fatal "strike". caused by Chrysomya bezzizna in cattle and buffaloes .
Vet record 74 : 591 – 592
10- Rajinder, K. and Ruprah, N. S. (1984). incidence and aetiology of cutaneous myiasis in domestic animals at
Hissar indian Vet. J.61 : 918-921
11- Belding: D.L. (1965) Textbook of Parasitology 39. ed. Appleton - century - crofts. New York. Pp. 915.